A pair of severe security vulnerabilities have been disclosed in the Jenkins open source automation server that could lead to code execution on targeted systems.
The flaws, tracked as CVE-2023-27898 and CVE-2023-27905, impact the Jenkins server and Update Center, and have been collectively christened CorePlague by cloud security firm Aqua. All versions of Jenkins versions prior to 2.319.2 are vulnerable and exploitable.
“Exploiting these vulnerabilities could allow an unauthenticated attacker to execute arbitrary code on the victim’s Jenkins server, potentially leading to a complete compromise of the Jenkins server,” the company said in a report shared with The Hacker News.
The shortcomings are the result of how Jenkins processes plugins available from the Update Center, thereby potentially enabling a threat actor to upload a plugin with a malicious payload and trigger a cross-site scripting (XSS) attack.
“Once the victim opens the ‘Available Plugin Manager‘ on their Jenkins server, the XSS is triggered, allowing attackers to run arbitrary code on the Jenkins Server utilizing the Script Console API,” Aqua said.
Troublingly, the flaws could also affect self-hosted Jenkins servers and be exploited even in scenarios where the server is not publicly accessible over the internet since the public Jenkins Update Center could be “injected by attackers.”
The attack, however, banks on the prerequisite that the rogue plugin is compatible with the Jenkins server and is surfaced on top of the main feed on the “Available Plugin Manager” page.
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This, Aqua said, can be rigged by “uploading a plugin that contains all plugin names and popular keywords embedded in the description,” or artificially boost the download counts of the plugin by submitting requests from fake instances.
Following responsible disclosure on January 24, 2023, patches have been released by Jenkins for Update Center and server. Users are recommended to update their Jenkins server to the latest available version to mitigate potential risks.